CoGent Network

Indonesia

Country information

Genebank

Indonesian Coconut and Palm Research Institute (IPRI)
Jl. Bethesda II, Mapanget
Estate Crops Research and Development
Kotak Pos 1004
Manado 65001
North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Phone: (+62) 431812430
Fax: (+62) 431812017
Email: balitka05@yahoo.com;
balitka@litbang.deptan.go.id

Contact

Dr Bambang Prastowo
Indonesian Center for
(ICECRD)
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 1
Bogor, Indonesia
Phone: (+62) 251313083 /251329205
Fax: (+62) 251336194
Email: criec@indo.net.id;
bprastowo@gmail.com

                Republic of Indonesia

Indonesia flag

Borneo Tall (BONT)
(Image: J. Oliver)

Indonesia comprises 17,508 islands with an estimated population of around 237 million people. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Malaysia. Indonesia is the world’s largest producer of coconut (producing 17 million tons (FAOSTATS 2007) and thus considers the crop as a national strategic
commodity.

Research on coconut palms was initiated during the Dutch colonial period and formal research institutionally started in 1911. This involved collecting some coconut ecotypes in the surrounding areas of Java. From 1926 to 1927, Dr Tammes, a coconut scientist, identified and selected 100 high-yielding Tall palms from populations in the Mapanget District of North Sulawesi. These palms were planted at the Mapanget Experimental Garden of the Indonesia Coconut and Other Palmae Research Institute (ICOPRI). After Indonesia gained independence in 1945, coconut research activities were maintained by the government.

The International Coconut Genebank for Southeast and East Asia (ICG-SEEA) is hosted by the Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (AARD) using the field genebank in Pekanbaru, Riau Province and experimental gardens in Manado, North Sulawesi. In July 1995, a COGENT Task Force evaluated the  proposed site at Sikijang Mati, Pekanbaru, Riau Province in Central Sumatra. The Task Force found it generally suitable and made some suggestions for its improvement. Due to the financial crisis in 1997 and the resulting lack of government budget, the Sikijang area was developed too slowly and the remaining areas were squatted by surrounding inhabitants and migrants. Two extension ICG areas have therefore been identified: the Paniki Experimental Garden (100 ha) located beside ICOPRI office in Manado, and the Pandu Experimental Garden (80 ha) which is about 18 km from the ICOPRI office and belongs to the Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian (BPTP).

More info: pdf.png Conserved coconut germplasm from Indonesia (2.9MB); Part 2 (1.7MB); Part 3 (1.6MB); Part 4 (1.8MB); Part 5 (1.9MB); Part 6 (1.2MB)

Collaborative Activities between BIOVERSITY/COGENT and Indonesia

1. Capacity Building

a) Technical assistance/expert advice
From 1995 to 2005, 11 specialists have visited Indonesia to help the country in its coconut PGR activities. These include identifying a suitable site for the International Coconut Genebank for Southeast Asia (ICG-SEA), collecting leaf samples for electron microscopy detection of mycoplasma, identifying marketable alternative products for coconut as well as suitable varieties for these products, evaluating COGENT’s collecting and conservation strategies, assessing pest risk and evaluating the progress of the ICG and assisting in the installation of equipment for feasibility studies.

b) Training and human resources development
Four training courses were held in the country, attended by a 52 researchers representing 9 countries. The training courses were hosted by the Research Institute for Coconut and Palmae (RICP) and funded by the ADB.

BIOVERSITY-COGENT sponsored 22 local researchers and specialists for staff development training in coconut data analysis, coconut collecting and conservation, embryo culture, technical writing/ seminar presentation and proposal writing, the use of the microsatellite kit and Poverty Reduction in Coconut Growing Communities; Markets and Market Development; and and Coconut embryo culture to improve collecting and safe movement of germplasm.

c) COGENT meetings/workshops
In 1996 and 1997, three meetings and one workshop were conducted in the country under the auspices of COGENT.


2. Research Projects

There are a total of 27 projects that have been conducted in the country under COGENT, which are implemented by RICP, CRIEC, ICECRD.



3. Financial Support and Funding

Donor funding for projects in Indonesia amounts to US$ 219,450 with counterpart funding from the national government amounting to US$ 215,272. Donor agencies include ADB, APCC, DFID and IFAD.



4. Summary of Activities and Accomplishments, Indonesia


 1. Capacity building
 a) Technical assistance provided by experts to Indonesia

 Expert

Dates

Purpose

 F Rognon
 P Batugal

27 – 31 July 1995

To identify suitable site for International Coconut Genebank for Southeast Asia

 Sonny Warooka

23 Aug – 2 Sep 1998

To collect leaf samples of coconut for electron microscopy work for mycoplasma detection at Rothamstead, UK

 TKG Ranasinghe

Oct – Nov 1998

To identify marketable alternative products of the coconut (apart from copra and coconut oil) and to identify suitable varieties suitable for processing into identified marketable products

 Erlinda Rillo

21 Feb – 8 Mar 1999

To evaluate embryo culture laboratories and train research staff

 CIRAD (L.
Baudouin, R.Bourdeix, J. Ollivier)

Feb – Apr 1999

To evaluate COGENT’s collecting strategies, identify gaps in germplasm collecting and recommend ways to improve conservation effort.

 Robert Ikin

Jun – Aug 1999

Pest risk assessment of International Coconut Genebank in the three countries

 Heldering Tempake

9 – 11 Aug 1999

To assist in the evaluation of the progress of ICG in Pekanbaru

 Vo Van Long

May – June 2000

Assist in the installation of equipment for feasibility studies

 Nguyen Thi Le Thuy

Aug 2003

To conduct training on Coconut Candy Making

 b) In-country training courses conducted with Indonesia research participants

 Schedule

Course/Training Activities

Venue/Host

No. Trainees/
Countries

Funding
Agency

 19-28 June 1995

STANTECH Trainers’ Course

Research Institute for Coconut and Palmae, Indonesia

15 /8

ADB

 4 – 9 April 2001

Coconut Production Training course for ICG-SEA staff

Research Institute for Coconut and Palmae, Indonesia

6/1

ADB

 11 – 13 Aug, 2003

Training Course for the Production of Coconut Candy

Research Institute for Coconut and Palmae, Indonesia

20/1

ADB

 14-16 Aug 2003

Training Course on Communications and Public Awareness Skills Development

Research Institute for Coconut and Palmae, Indonesia

11/1

ADB

 12 – 14 June, 2006, Bogor, Indonesia

Training Course on Technical Writing, Seminar Presentation, Public Awareness and Proposal Preparation

Indonesian Center for Estate Crops Research and Development (ICECRD)

21/9

IFAD

 15 – 17 June, 2006, Bogor, Indonesia

Training Course on Socioeconomics and Participatory Approaches to Reduce Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities

Indonesian Center for Estate Crops Research and Development (ICECRD)

20/11

IFAD

 c) Local researchers trained

 Name

Dates , Country

Training Course

 David Allorerung

19 – 28 Jun 1995, Indonesia

STANTECH Trainers' Course

 Miftahorrachman

-do-

-do-

 Hengky Novarianto

-do-

-do-

 Donata Suraty Pandin

-do-

-do-

 Heldering Tampake

-do-

-do-

 Hendeik Gerzon Lengkey

1 – 12 Sep 1997, Philippines

Coconut Collecting and Conservation Course

 Miftahorrachman

Ditto

-do-

 Nurhaini Mashud

27 – 31 Oct 1997, Philippines

Coconut Embryo Culture Workshop/Training

 Amrizal Idroes

16 – 20 Mar 1998, Philippines

Farmer Participatory Research on Coconut Diversity (Asia)

 Hengky Novarianto

Ditto

-do-

 Meity A. Tulalo

17 – 27 Mar 1999, Philippines

Embryo Culture Training (Individual)

 Amrizal Idroes

30 Aug – 3 Sep 1999, Philippines

Technical Writing/Seminar Presentation and Proposal Writing Course

 Hengky Novarianto

Ditto

-do-

 Amrizal Idroes

6 – 10 Sep 1999, Philippines

Coconut Data Analysis Training Course

Hengky Novarianto

Ditto

-do-

 Sukendah

Jun 1999 – Jun 2001

MSc PGR scholarship

 Jeanette Kumaunang

Oct 1999 – Nov 2001

MSc PGR scholarship

 Ismail Maskromo

2 – 7 Apr 2001, Philippines

Coconut Stantech Training Course

 Mona Lisa

4 – 9 April 2001, Indonesia

Coconut Production Training course for ICG-SEA staff in Bogor

 Agus Supriyadi

-do-

-do-

 Bombang Agus Supriyanto

-do-

-do-

 Herdianto

-do-

-do-

 Devid Wahdy

-do-

-do-

 Jaya Putra Sukrianto

-do-

-do-

 Hengky Novarianto

15 – 24 April 2002, France

Workshop on Coconut Genetic Resources Management Using Microsatellite Kit and Dedicated Statistical Software

 Donata Suraty Pandin

-do-

-do-

 Tarigans Doah Dekok

5-14 December 2002

Training Course on Poverty Reduction in Coconut Growing Communities

 Hengky Novarianto

-do-

-do-

 Jeanette Kumaunang

-do-

-do-

 DD Tarigans

18 - 20 Aug 2003

Training Course on Producing Coconut-based Food Products Products (Bokayo, Buko Pie, Sugar, Candies)

 Jeanette Kumaunang

-do-

-do-

 Ernie Nurali

-do-

-do-

 Henkie Luntugan

2-3 July 2007, Hainan, China

Training course on Markets and Market Development for the project on Overcoming Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities
 
 Sabarman Damanik

2-3 July 2007, Hainan, China

Training course on Markets and Market Development for the project on Overcoming Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities

 Nurhaini Mashud

11- 15 December 2008

Training and research workshop: Coconut embryo culture to improve collecting and safe movement of germplasm

 Hengky Novarianto

-do-

-do-

 d) BIOVERSITY-COGENT meetings/workshops held in Indonesia

 Date

Activity

Location

 16 - 18 February 1996

Regional Coconut Genebank Workshop

Pekanbaru, Indonesia

 20 - 21 May 1996

COGENT-BIOVERSITY-BUROTROP Meeting

Jakarta, Indonesia

 15 - 17 September 1997

CGRNAP Phase 1/Phase 2 annual Review and Planning Meeting

Bogor, Indonesia

 18 - 20 September 1997

Annual meeting, Coconut multi-purpose use project

Bogor, Indonesia

 19 - 21 June 2006

2nd Annual Poverty Reduction in Coconut Growing Communities Project Meeting

Bogor, Indonesia

 2. BIOVERSITY-COGENT projects in Indonesia

 Project Title

Host
Institute

Budget/
Funding
Agency
(US$)

Budget/
National
Funding (US$)

 a) Collection, conservation and characterization of coconut genetic resources in Molucas and Nusa Tenggara Provinces of Indonesia

Research Institute for Coconut and Palmae (RICP)

13,800/ADB

22,550

 b) Exploration and collecting coconut germplasm from Molucas, East Timor and West Nusa Tenggara

-do-

13,000/ADB

10,000

 c) Supply of Computer, Printer, Softwares and Peripherals

-do-

3,000/ADB

-

 d) Strengthening the biotechnology and embryo culture capability of International Coconut Genebank for Southeast Asia host country (Indonesia for Southeast Asia)

-do-

30,000/ADB

20,000

 e) Improvement of in vitro techniques for collecting and exchange of coconut germplasm

-do-

5,000/DFID

4,000

 f) Evaluation of coconut varieties for sap yield sugar production

-do-

33,000/IFAD

32,000

 g) Assessment of performance of coconut hybrids and farmers’ varietal preferences

-do-

2,000/APCC

1,000

 h) Feasibility study on the establishment of small scale coconut husk and sugar producing units

-do-

6,700/IFAD

3,350

 i) Study on the deployment of coconut diversity

-do-

1,000/IFAD

500

 j) Catalogue of Conserved Coconut Germplasm

-do-

1,500/ADB

750

 k) Importation and growing of designated germplasm from COGENT member countries for conservation in the International Coconut Genebank for Southeast and East Asia (ICG-SEA)

-do-

5,000/ADB

2,500

 l) Coconut embryo culture research to develop effective technology for the production of coconut seedlings from the high-value soft-endosperm coconut variety “Kopyor”

-do-

1,500/DFID

750

 m) Introduction of coconut germplasm from COGENT member countries into the International Coconut Genebank for Southeast and East Asia

-do-

3,000/DFID

1,500

 n) Establishing a framework and selecting project sites for a nationwide deployment of coconut-based poverty reduction interventions in coconut growing communities using COGENT’s 3-pronged strategy in Indonesia

-do-

3,500/DFID

1,750

 o) Developing Sustainable Coconut-Based Income Generating Technologies in Poor Rural Communities in Indonesia (Year 1)

Central Research Institute for Estate Crops

17,970/ADB

8,985

 p) Farmer Participatory Characterization of Coconut Varieties in 3 Poverty Reduction Project Sites in Indonesia

-do-

1,000/DFID

500

 q) Developing Sustainable Coconut-Based Income Generating Technologies in Poor Rural Communities in Indonesia (Year 2)

-do-

19,890/ADB

34,953

 r) Molecular marker-based characterization of conserved coconut germplasm in national genebank and selected farmers’ varieties in the BIOVERSITY/COGENT poverty reduction project sites in Indonesia

Central Research Institute for Estate Crops (CRIEC)

3,200/DFID

1,600

 s) Developing Sustainable Coconut-Based Income Generating Technologies in Poor Rural Communities in West Java, Riau and Banten Provinces, Indonesia

Central Research Institute for Estate Crops (CRIEC)

6,000/ADB

28,000

 t) Developing Sustainable Coconut-Based Income Generating Technologies in Poor Rural Communities in Indonesia (Year 3)

Central Research Institute for Estate Crops (CRIEC)

7,040/ADB

3,984

 u) Case study and documentation of achievements and resource enhancement of Kelompok Tani Kelapa Momosad (KTKM): “Best coconut community within country (Indonesia)”

Kelompok Tani Kelapa Momosad, Nonapan

1,000/ADB

-

 v) Documentation of best coconut community achievements and success stories: Kelompok Tani Kelapa Momosad

Mr Engelbert Manaroinsong
Community Coordinator

500/ADB

-

 w) Case study and documentation of best global group in intercropping

Kelompok Tani Kelapa Momosad, Nonapan

500/ADB

-

 x) Documentation of success story for production of high value coconut-based products (Indonesia)

Ms Aminah Iko

250/ADB

-

 y) Documentation of success story: Intercropping (Indonesia)

Mr Muhiddin Mokodompit

250/ADB

-

 z) Documentation of success story: Livestock production (Indonesia)

Mr Ari Ngangi

250/ADB

-

 aa) Overcoming Poverty in Coconut-Growing Communities: Coconut Genetic Resources for Sustainable Livelihoods in Indonesia (2005)

Indonesian Center for Estate Crops Research and Development (ICECRD)

10,600/IFAD

10,300

 bb) Overcoming Poverty in Coconut-Growing Communities: Coconut Genetic Resources for Sustainable Livelihoods in Indonesia (2006)

ICECRD

13,600/IFAD

14,100

 cc) Enhancing Food Security, Nutrition and Microcredit Systems in Coconut-Growing Communities in Indonesia

Indonesian Coconut and Palmae Research Institute (ICOPRI)

4,000/DFID

-

 dd) Overcoming Poverty in Coconut-Growing Communities: Coconut Genetic Resources for Sustainable Livelihoods in Indonesia (2007)

ICECRD

11,400/IFAD

12,200


 TOTAL



219,450


215,272

 

As of November 2009

Prepared by:
Yeow Giap Seng, COGENT Programme Assistant

The Coconut Genetic Resources Network (COGENT) aims to promote national, regional and global collaboration among coconut-producing countries and
partner institutions in the conservation and use of coconut genetic resources for enhanced livelihoods.

The COGENT website is maintained by Bioversity International - Montpellier office.

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