CoGent Network

Malaysia

Country information

Genebank

Stesen MARDI Kemaman
Batu 11, Jalan Air Putik
PO Box 44, 24007 Kemaman
Terengganu
Malaysia
Phone: (+60) 09-8646361/148
Fax: (+60) 09-8646361
Email: abo@mardi.my

 

Contact

Dr Abd. Shukor Abd. Rahman
Director General
Rice and Industrial Crop Research Center (RICRC)
Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
PO Box 12301, General Post Office 50774
Malaysia
Phone: (+60) 38 9437427
Fax: (+60) 38 9425786
Email: arshukor@mardi.my

Malayan green dwarf (MGD)
(Image: R. Bourdeix)

Malaysia is a country in South-East Asia, located partly on a peninsula of the Asian mainland and partly on the northern third of the island of Borneo. West (peninsular) Malaysia shares a border with Thailand, is connected by a causeway and a bridge to the island state of Singapore, and has coastlines on the South China Sea and the Straits of Malacca. East Malaysia (Borneo) shares borders with Brunei and Indonesia.

In Malaysia, coconut ranks the fourth most important crop in terms of area planted, after oil palm, rubber and rice. In 1981, the total area planted to coconut was 409,348 ha, but by 1995 it drastically declined to 248,380 ha, which represents about 5% of the country’s total agricultural land area. By 2007 the area further declined to around 172,000 ha (FAO 2007). As in the rest of the countries in the Asia and Pacific region, smallholders dominate coconut production, with an average farm size of 2.8 ha and producing about 93% of the total coconuts in the country. It is estimated that a 90,000 farm families are involved in coconut production.

Therefore, the coconut genetic resources of the country are endangered. To improve this situation, the Malaysian Government, primarily through MARDI, collaborated with a number of international coconut R&D organizations, particularly COGENT to undertake research and development activities.

In Malaysian various research stations are involved in coconut conservation (Fong et al., 2005). In the 2000s, seednuts of new varieties namely ‘kelapa ringan’, ‘kelapa hijau’, sweet husk and spicata were collected in Kelantan and Terengganu States and sown in MARDI’s Research Station in Jerangau. Seven populations of drought-tolerant Tall cultivars were also collected from Sabah, the seednuts of which were sown in polybags at the nursery in Ulu Dusun Agriculture Research Station. Characterization data of 26 accessions from MARDI-Hilir Perak and 47 accessions from Department of Agriculture in Sabah have been submitted to the COGENT’s CGRD.

More info: pdf.png Conserved coconut germplasm from Malaysia (3MB); Part 2 (2.4MB); Part 3 (2.0MB)

Collaborative Activities between BIOVERSITY/COGENT and Malaysia

1. Capacity Building

a) Technical assistance/expert advice
Six coconut specialists were sent to Malaysia from 1994 to 2000 on four technical assistance missions. These include assessing the country’s R&D capabilities and assisting the national programme in identifying common problems, opportunities and opportunities for network collaboration; identifying marketable alternative coconut products and varieties suitable for them; evaluating COGENT’s collecting and conservation strategies; and developing a cost and return analysis protocol for ongoing and future intercropping experiments as well as training local staff on using this protocol.

b) Training and human resources development
Two training courses were conducted in Malaysia from 2003 to 2004 with 41 researchers/extension officers participating from 9 countries.

Seven local staff of collaborating agencies in the country underwent BIOVERSITY-COGENT-sponsored staff development training on such courses as STANTECH training of trainers, coconut collecting and conservation, technical writing/ seminar presentation and proposal writing; coconut data analysis; coconut embryo in vitro culture techniques; Statistical Design and Germplasm x Environment Interaction Analysis Training Course; Socioeconomics and Participatory Approaches to Reduce Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities; Coconut Shell Handicraft Making; and Markets and Market Development.

c) COGENT meetings/workshops
From 1997 to 2004, five meetings have been held and hosted by Malaysia in Serdang and Kuala Lumpur.



2. Research Projects

Six projects have been completed in the country, with the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI) and Department of Agriculture in Sabah spearheading their implementation.



3. Financial Support and Funding

Donor funding for BIOVERSITY-COGENT-initiated projects in Malaysia amounts to US$ 81,800, mostly from ADB, APCC, DFID and IFAD, while counterpart financing for these projects by the national government amounts to US$108,900.

 

4. Summary of Activities and Accomplishments, Malaysia


 1. Capacity building
 a) Technical assistance provided by experts to Malaysia

 Expert

Dates

Purpose

 S N Darwis

7 – 12 July 1994

Assess R & D capability, assist national programme identify common problems, opportunities and projects for network collaboration.

 TKG Ranasinghe

Oct – Nov 1998

To identify marketable alternative products of the coconut (apart from copra and coconut oil) and to identify suitable varieties suitable for processing into identified marketable products.

 CIRAD (L.
Baudouin, R.Bourdeix, J. Ollivier)

Feb – Apr 1999

To evaluate COGENT’s collecting strategies, identify gaps in germplasm collecting and recommend ways to improve conservation effort.

 Juan T Carlos

Nov 2000

To develop a cost and return analysis protocol for ongoing and future intercropping experiments and to train researchers on the use of the validated protocols.

 b) Training courses conducted with Malaysia

 Schedule

Course/Training Activities

Venue/Host

No. Trainees/
Countries

Funding
Agency

 31 July – 1 August 2003

Training on Coconut Candy Making

Department of Agriculture, Serdang

32/1

ADB

 25 – 27 November 2004

Germplasm x Environment Interaction Analysis Training Course

Kuala Lumpur

9/9

CFC

 3 -14 July 2006

Production of Coconut Virgin Oil and fiber-based products

Department of Agriculture, Sabah

-

-


 c) Local researchers trained

 Name

Dates, Country

Training Course

 Abdullah Othman

19 – 28 Jun 1995, Indonesia

STANTECH Trainers’ Course

 Nilus Kalitu

1 – 12 Sep 1997, Philippines

Coconut Collecting and Conservation Course

 Abdullah Othman

-do-

-do-

 Abdullah Othman

16 – 20 Mar 1998, Philippines

Farmer Participatory Research on Coconut Diversity (Asia)

 Au Wai Fong

30 Aug – 3 Sep 1999, Philippines

Technical Writing/Seminar Presentation and Proposal Writing Course

 Abdullah Othman

-do-

-do-

 Au Wai Fong

6 – 10 Sep 1999, Philippines

Coconut Data Analysis Training Course

 Abdullah Othman

-do-

-do-

 David Johnny

9 – 14 Oct 2000, Philippines

Hands-On Embryo Culture Training Course

 Ahmad Ngalim

-do-

-do-

 Ahmad Ngalim

25 – 27 November 2004, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Statistical Design and Germplasm x Environment Interaction Analysis Training Course

 Nilus Kalitu

12 – 14 June, 2006, Bogor, Indonesia

Training Course on Technical Writing, Seminar Presentation, Public Awareness and Proposal Preparation

 Nilus Kalitu

15 – 17 June, 2006, Bogor, Indonesia

Training Course on Socioeconomics and Participatory Approaches to Reduce Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities

 Rusnani Ahmad

15 – 17 June, 2006, Bogor, Indonesia

Training Course on Socioeconomics and Participatory Approaches to Reduce Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities

 Jamari Mogesal

12 -22 July 2006

Coconut Shell Handicraft Training Course

 Nilus Kalitu

2-3 July 2007, Hainan, China

Training course on Markets and Market Development for the project on Overcoming Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities

 Au Wai Fong

2-3 July 2007, Hainan, China

Training course on Markets and Market Development for the project on Overcoming Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities

 d) BIOVERSITY-COGENT meetings/workshops held in Malaysia

 Date

Activity

Location

 21 - 23 April 1997

Cadang-cadang viroid-like sequences meeting

Serdang, Malaysia

 29-31 October 1998

ADB-Funded Projects Annual Meeting

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

 2-4 November 1998

IFAD-Funded Projects Annual Meeting

-do-

 17 – 19 November 2004

Final CFC-funded Project Meeting

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

 22 – 24 November 2004

13th COGENT Steering Committee Meeting

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

 2. BIOVERSITY-COGENT projects in Malaysia

 Project Title

Host
Institute

Budget/
Funding
Agency
(US$)

Budget/
National
Funding (US$)

 a) Evaluation of coconut varieties for young nuts (fresh consumption)

Malaysian Agricultural Res. and Development Institute (MARDI)

13,800/ADB

42,000

 b) Further collecting and ex-situ conservation of coconut germplasm and characterization of existing germplasm collection

-do-

13,000/ADB

24,000

 c) Farmer participatory research on farmer varieties and multipurpose uses of coconut and evaluation of improved intercropping models to enhance farm productivity and farmers’ income

-do-

30,000/IFAD

34,500

 d) Assessment of performance of coconut hybrids and farmers’ varietal preferences

-do-

2,000/APCC

1,000

 e) Establishing a framework and selecting project sites for a nationwide deployment of coconut-based poverty reduction interventions in coconut growing communities using COGENT’s 3-pronged strategy in Malaysia

-do-

1,500/DFID

750

 f) To validate the COGENT upgraded coconut embryo culture protocol on 3 local Malaysian coconut varieties

-do-

1,500/DFID

750

 g) Overcoming Poverty in Coconut-Growing Communities: Coconut Genetic Resources for Sustainable Livelihoods in Malaysia (2005)

Department of Agriculture, Sabah

11,210/IFAD

550

 h) Overcoming Poverty in Coconut-Growing Communities: Coconut Genetic Resources for Sustainable Livelihoods in Malaysia (2006)

Ditto

7,480/IFAD

4,120

 i) Overcoming Poverty in Coconut-Growing Communities: Coconut Genetic Resources for Sustainable Livelihoods in Malaysia (2007)

Ditto

1,310/IFAD

1,230

 TOTAL

81,800

108,900

 

As of November 2009

Prepared by:
Yeow Giap Seng, COGENT Programme Assistant

The Coconut Genetic Resources Network (COGENT) aims to promote national, regional and global collaboration among coconut-producing countries and
partner institutions in the conservation and use of coconut genetic resources for enhanced livelihoods.

The COGENT website is maintained by Bioversity International - Montpellier office.

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