CoGent Network

Vietnam

Country information

Genebank

Dong Go Experimental Center
Ben Tre
Mekong Delta
VietNam
Phone : (84-8) 8297336 / 8243526
Fax : (84-8) 8243528
Email : opi.vn@hcm.vnn.vn

Contact

Dr Vo Van Long
Principal Coconut Scientist
Coconut genebank collection and conservation program Leader
Oil Plant Institute of Vietnam
171-175 Ham Nghi St.
District 1
Ho Chi Minh City
VietNam
Phone: (84-8) 829-7336 / 8243526 / 9140694
Fax: (84-8) 8243528
Email: vovanlong1209@gmail.com ; vovanlong@hcm.vnn.vn

Vietnam is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest and Cambodia to the southwest, and South China Sea to the east. With a population of over 86 million inhabitants, Vietnam is the 13th most populous country in the world.

Coconut is considered the most important perennial oil crop in Vietnam, with an estimated total cultivated land area of 250,000 ha. Coconuts provide the primary source of income to the thousands of farmers, especially those living in the Mekong River Delta in the south and along the coastal areas in the Central region where coconut planting started several years back. An average coconut holding in Vietnam is relatively small: 0.2 – 0.3 ha. Coconut yields, as well as nut prices, are also quite low. Little attention is given to coconut as most of the coconut farmers prefer intensive farming involving other commodities (i.e. fish, shrimps, swine, fruit crops, etc.) (Long 1994). Coconut is widely used for culinary purposes and some of it is converted into copra and oil for industrial use while the rest is exported.

Coconut research activities in Vietnam were officially initiated in 1980 (Carpio et al. 2005) with the establishment of the Institute for Research on Oils and Oil Plants, now known as the Oil Plants Institute of Vietnam (OPI). Coconut germplasm were planted in OPI’s Dong Go Station, in Ben Tre Province and in Trang Bang Station in Tay Ninh Province. The field genebank in Trang Bang Station was closed in 1994 due to budgetary constraints. Coconut germplasm collecting is a continuous activity of OPI as it aims to collect all possible types of coconut. Wide genetic diversity can be observed in the country. The Tall types consist of Ta, Dau, Giay and Bi or Bung varieties while the Dwarf types include Ea, Xiem and Tam Quan. Cultivars with special characters were also classified according to their distinct feature (Long 2005) such as Sap (Makapuno), Ngot (sweet) Dua (aromatic) and Soc (stripe).

More info: pdf.png Conserved coconut germplasm from Vietnam (1.5MB)

Collaborative Activities between BIOVERSITY/COGENT and Vietnam

1. Capacity Building

a) Technical assistance/expert advice
From 1994 to 2000, seven specialists visited Vietnam on five technical assistance missions, including assessing the country’s coconut R&D capability and assisting the national programme in identifying common problems and opportunities for network collaboration, identifying marketable alternative coconut products and the suitable varieties for them, evaluating COGENT’s collecting and conservation strategies, assisting in setting up a laboratory and embryo culture experiments and conducting studies to enhance income and reduce poverty in the coconut growing communities of the country.

 

b) Training and human resources development
One training course was hosted by the Oil Plant Institute of Vietnam in 2003. The training course was participated by 23 local researchers.

From 1997 to 2007, a total of 25 local staff from different collaborating research institutions in the country have undergone COGENT-sponsored staff development training in other countries on topics such as coconut collecting and conservation, technical/ proposal writing and seminar presentation, coconut data analysis, embryo culture techniques, standardized coconut breeding research techniques (STANTECH), M Sc and Ph D PGR, poverty reduction in coconut growing communities and Communication, Documentation, Public Awareness and Facilitation Skills Development; Socioeconomics and Participatory Approaches to Reduce Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities; and Markets and Market Development.

c) COGENT meetings/workshops
From 1999 to 2004, Vietnam has been host to five COGENT meetings, including the 8th COGENT Steering Committee Meeting; the Poverty Reduction in Coconut Growing Communities Project Inception and Stakeholders’ Meeting; and the final ADB-funded PRCGC project meeting.

 

 

 

2. Research Projects

A total of 15 research projects have been carried out in the country, with the Oil Plant Institute of Vietnam (OPI) as the implementing agency.

 

 

 

3. Financial Support and Funding

Donor funding support for projects in Vietnam amounts to US$ 183,696 mostly from ADB, APCC, DFID and IFAD; while national government counterpart financing amounts to US$ 109,104.

 

4. Summary of Activities and Accomplishments, Vietnam

  1. Capacity building

  a) Technical assistance provided by COGENT experts to Vietnam

  Expert

Dates

Purpose

  P Batugal

July 1994

Assess R & D capability, assist national programme identify common problems, opportunities and projects for network collaboration

  TKG Ranasinghe

Oct – Nov 1998

To identify marketable alternative products of the coconut (apart from copra and coconut oil) and to identify suitable varieties suitable for processing into identified marketable products

  CIRAD (L. Baudouin, R.Bourdeix, J. Ollivier)

Feb – Apr 1999

To evaluate COGENT’s collecting strategies, identify gaps in germplasm collecting and recommend ways to improve conservation effort

  Erlinda Rillo

18 – 25 October 2000

To assist the laboratory set-up and embryo culture experiments in Vietnam and Thailand

  Vo Van Long

20 Sep – 31 Dec 2000

Identifying researchable constraints and opportunities to enhance income and reduce poverty in coconut growing communities in Vietnam

  b) In-country training courses conducted with Vietnam research participants

  Schedule

Course/Training Activities

Venue/Host

No. Trainees/

Countries

Funding

Agency

  13 – 15 March 2003

Training Course on Communication. Documentation, Public Awareness and Facilitation Skills Development

Oil Plant Institute of Vietnam

23/1

ADB

  c) Local researchers trained

  Name

Dates, Country

Training Course

  Vo Van Long

19 – 28 Jun 1995, Indonesia

STANTECH Trainers' Course

  Huynh Viet Chau Phuong

1 – 12 Sep 1997, Philippines

Coconut Collecting and Conservation Course

  Vo Van Long

16 – 20 Mar 1998, Philippines

Farmer Participatory Research on Coconut Diversity (Asia)

  Vo Van Long

30 Aug – 3 Sep 1999, Philippines

Technical Writing/Seminar Presentation and Proposal Writing Course

  Vo Van Long

6 – 10 Sep 1999, Philippines

Coconut Data Analysis Training Course

  Vu Thi My Lien

9 – 14 Oct 2000, Philippines

Hands-On Embryo Culture Training Course

  Nguyen Thi Le Thuy

Oct 2000 – Oct 2001, Philippines

M Sc PGR Scholarship

  Nguyen Thi Le Thuy

2 – 7 Apr 2001, Philippines

Coconut STANTECH Training Course

  Vo Van Long

5-14 December 2002, Philippines

Training Course on Poverty Reduction in Coconut Growing Communities

  Vo Van Long

December 2002 – December 2004

Ph D PGR Scholarship

  Nguyen Thi Bich Hong

13 – 15 March 2003

Training Course on Communication. Documentation, Public Awareness and Facilitation Skills Development

  Pham Thi Lan

Ditto

Ditto

  Ha Van Han

Ditto

Ditto

  Ngo Thi Kieu Duong

Ditto

Ditto

  Luu Quoc Thang

Ditto

Ditto

  Nguyen Thi Le Thuy

Ditto

Ditto

  Nguyen Van Trai

Ditto

Ditto

  Nguyen Thi Thuy

Ditto

Ditto

  Vo Van Long

Ditto

Ditto

  Huynh Dinh Thach

Ditto

Ditto

  Tran Yen Thao

Ditto

Ditto

  Tran Thi Ngoc Thao

Ditto

Ditto

  Bui Thanh Binh

Ditto

Ditto

  Nguyen Thi Tuyet Nhung

Ditto

Ditto

  Nguyen Thi Lien Hoa

Ditto

Ditto

  Nguyen Van Minh

Ditto

Ditto

  Ta Hung

Ditto

Ditto

  Nguyen Thi Hoai Tram

Ditto

Ditto

  Thai Nguyen Quynh Thu

Ditto

Ditto

  Nguyen Thi Thanh Mai

Ditto

Ditto

  Ta Quoc Tuan

Ditto

Ditto

  Dao Quang Hung

Ditto

Ditto

  Ho Mong Hai

Ditto

Ditto

  Vo Van Long

12 – 14 June, 2006, Bogor, Indonesia

Training Course on Technical Writing, Seminar Presentation, Public Awareness and Proposal Preparation

  Nguyen Thi Le Thuy

15 – 17 June, 2006, Bogor, Indonesia

Training Course on Socioeconomics and Participatory Approaches to Reduce Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities

  Vo Van Long

12 – 14 June, 2006, Bogor, Indonesia

Training Course on Technical Writing, Seminar Presentation, Public Awareness and Proposal Preparation

  Nguyen Thi Le Thuy

15 – 17 June, 2006, Bogor, Indonesia

Training Course on Socioeconomics and Participatory Approaches to Reduce Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities

  Vo Van Long

2-3 July 2007, Hainan, China

Training course on Markets and Market Development for the project on Overcoming Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities

  Nguyen Thi Le Thuy

2-3 July 2007, Hainan, China

Training course on Markets and Market Development for the project on Overcoming Poverty in Coconut Growing Communities

  d) BIOVERSITY-COGENT meetings/workshops held in Vietnam

  Date

Activity

Location

  13-15 September 1999

IFAD-funded project meeting

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

  16-17 September 1999

ADB Phase 2 project meeting

-do-

  20-22 September 1999

8th COGENT Steering Committee meeting

-do-

  25 Feb - 1 Mar 2002

Poverty Reduction in Coconut Growing Communities

Project Inception and Stakeholders’ Meeting

-do-

  27 – 30 Sep 2004

Poverty Reduction in Coconut Growing Communities (PRCGC) – The Final ADB-funded Project Meeting

-do-

  2. BIOVERSITY-COGENT projects in Vietnam

Project Title

Host Institute

 

Budget/ Funding 

Agency (US$)

Budget/ National

Funding (US$)

  a) Coconut germplasm collecting and strengthening of the coconut genebank in Vietnam

Oil Plant Institute of Vietnam (OPI)

13,800/ADB

5,454

  b) Extension of coconut germplasm collection and conservation activities for effective utilization

-do-

13,000/ADB

10,000

  c) Supply of Computer, Printer, Softwares and Peripherals

-do-

3,304/ADB

-

  d) Village-level processing of coconut products and survey of varietal preferences

-do-

30,000/IFAD

30,000

  e) Assessment of performance of coconut hybrids and farmers’ varietal preferences

-do-

2,000/APCC

1,000

  f) Feasibility study of Vietnam and purchase and shipment of equipment

-do-

11,252/IFAD

5,000

  g) Catalogue of Conserved Coconut Germplasm

-do-

500/ADB

250

  h) Establishing a framework and selecting project sites for a nationwide deployment of coconut-based poverty reduction interventions in coconut growing communities using COGENT’s 3-pronged strategy in Vietnam

-do-

1,500/DFID

750

  i) Validating the COGENT Upgraded Coconut Embryo Culture Protocol using Vietnam coconut varieties

-do-

1,500/DFID

750

  j) Developing Sustainable Coconut Based Income Generating Technologies in Poor Rural Communities in Vietnam (Year 1)

-do-

15,250/ADB

6,000

  k) Farmer Participatory Characterization of Coconut Varieties in 3 Poverty Reduction Project Sites in Vietnam

-do-

1,000/DFID

500

  l) Developing Sustainable Coconut Based Income Generating Technologies in Poor Rural Communities in Vietnam (Year 2)

-do-

19,750/ADB

12,200

  m) Developing Sustainable Coconut-Based Income Generating Technologies in Poor Rural Communities in Vietnam (Year 3)

ditto

16,750/ADB

8,700

  n) Identification and characterization of drought- and Brontispa-tolerant coconut varieties and initial Brontispa IPM trial in Vietnam

Oil Plant Institute of Vietnam (OPI)

5,000/DFID

2,500

  o) Case study and documentation of achievements and resource enhancement of Hung Phong Community-based Organization: “Best coconut community within country (Vietnam)”

Hung Phong Community-based Organization

1,000/ADB

-

  p) Documentation of best coconut community achievements and success stories: Hung Phong Community-based Organization

Mrs. Pham Thi Lan

Community Coordinator

Hung Phong Community-based Organization

500/ADB

-

  q) Case study and documentation of best global group in production of high value coconut-based products

Tam Quan Nam Community-based Organization

500/ADB

-

  r) Documentation of success story for production of high value coconut-based products (Vietnam)

Mrs Nguyen Thi Nhe Hung Phong Community-based Organization

250/ADB

-

  s) Documentation of success story: Intercropping (Vietnam)

Mr Do Thanh Thuong

Hung Phong Community-based Organization

250/ADB

-

  t) Documentation of success story: Livestock production (Vietnam)

Mr Thanh Ca

Tam Quan Nam Community-based Organization

250/ADB

-

  u) Overcoming Poverty in Coconut-Growing Communities: Coconut Genetic Resources for Sustainable Livelihoods in Vietnam (2005-2006)

OPI

22,670

11,335

  v) Enhancing Food Security, Nutrition and Microcredit Systems in Coconut-Growing Communities in Vietnam

OPI

6,000

3,000

  w) u) Overcoming Poverty in Coconut-Growing Communities: Coconut Genetic Resources for Sustainable Livelihoods in Vietnam (2006- 2007)

Ditto

17,670/

BIOVERSITY

11,000

  Total

 

 

183,696

 

109,104

 

As of November 2009

Prepared by:
Yeow Giap Seng, COGENT Programme Assistant

The Coconut Genetic Resources Network (COGENT) aims to promote national, regional and global collaboration among coconut-producing countries and
partner institutions in the conservation and use of coconut genetic resources for enhanced livelihoods.

The COGENT website is maintained by Bioversity International - Montpellier office.

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